Bender Gestalt Test

Description of Revision Process for the Bender-Gestalt II now available

For more than 50 years – until a major revision that took place in 2003 – the clinical utility of the Bender-Gestalt test over a broad age range and diverse settings has made this instrument a most popular assessment tools. A description of the revision process for this classic test has been published in the January issue of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. For information, see:

Brannigan, Gary G.; Decker, Scott L. (2006). The Bender-Gestalt II, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 76(1), 10-12.


In 2003, the Bender-Gestalt II was published. In the present article, the revision process is described, and major changes to the test are discussed. These changes include additional designs, a memory (recall) phase, Motor and Perception supplementary tests, a detailed observation form, a global scoring system, and a large, nationally representative normative base. Directions for future research are also provided.

For more information about upcoming articles in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, click here.

Second Edition of the Bender Visual Gestalt Test (Gender-Gestalt II) Now Available.

The Bender-Gestalt II is a brief assessment of visual-motor integration that may provide interpretive information about an individual's development and neuropsychological functioning. The Bender-Gestalt II may be administered to children and adults, ages 4 to 85+ years.

Designed for ease of administration, it is ideal for use as an effective and non-threatening warm-up to more challenging assessments. A reliable tool to assess Visual-Motor development, it may also be used as a screener for neuropsychological impairment.

For order information on the Bender Gestalt Test, see


© American Orthopsychiatric Association, 2005-2006